Prostate Cancer Information

What is the prostate?
The prostate is a walnut-sized gland in men that is apart of the reproductive system.  The prostate sits low in the pelvis, below the bladder, in front of the rectum and the prostate surrounds the urethra. The prostate makes seminal fluid, the liquid in sperm that protects, supports and helps transport sperm.



What is prostate cancer?

Prostate Cancer begins when normal cells in the prostate begin to change and grow uncontrollably.  Some prostate cancers grow slowly and may not cause symptoms or problems for years while other prostate cancers are more aggressive and grow quicker, unfortunately, there is no way to predict how aggressive a cancer is before a biopsy.

Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed, major cancer among all Americans. The incidence of prostate cancer increases with age. Some studies have shown an overall 2- to 3-fold increase in the risk of prostate cancer in men who have a history of this disease in their family. Family history is defined as prostate cancer in a brother, father, or an uncle. It is more significant if a family member was diagnosed with prostate cancer at a younger age (less than 60 years old). The incidence rate of prostate cancer is two times higher in African-American men than Caucasian men.

For more information about prostate cancer please visit Prostate Conditions Education Council's website at